The Infinitive or to + Verb
The infinitive is the base form of a verb prec, ded by ‘to’ but cannot be main verb in a sentence. It is used to show purpose, intention or objective.
- I want to study medicine(purpose)
- I want to drink some water now. (intention)
- We need a police force to maintain law and order. (objective)
The infinitive can be the subject or complement of a verb.
- To read fast is difficult.
- It is not quite easy to play tennis.
- The children learn to speak English
- How old were you when you learnt how to drive?
- I pretended to read the newspaper.
- He will tell you what to do.
- Would you like to go now?
- He tends to lose his temper.
- I was warned not to touch the switch.
- She does not allow us to smoke in the house.
- Can you help me to move this table?
- We go to school to receive education.
- Peace is necessary to the progress of a country.
- The old man tried to board the bus.
- He asked me to get up and go.
- She likes to see beautiful scenes.
- The job of a goalkeeper is to stop the ball.
- I went to see him but he was not at home.