The Imperative Mood
The imperative mood is used not only to Command but also request, to exhort and in the negative to forbid. the imperative in English has no distinct form: The verb itself is used for the second person singular and plural, the nominative case being generally omitted.
- Work hard to succeed.
- Be off.
- Give me a half bread.
- Please stay a little more.
- Just give me a pencil and a piece of paper.
- Just hold my cycle/bike.
- Respect your olders.
- Chew your food well.
- Always keep to tthe lift.
- Do not go out in the sun.
- Do not tell a lie.
- Do not copy others.
- Go and blow your nose.
- Button up your coat.
- Feed the horse with grass.
- Keep everything in order.
- Be punctual and attentive.
- Do not find fault, with others.
- Do not do such a mischief again.
- Do not be proud of your riches/wealth
- Do not be stubborn.
- Love your youngers.
- Mend your ways.
- Always keep the idiots off.
- Write as neatly as you can.
- Cultivate the habit of working hard.
- Please have something cold.
Conditiona or Hypothetical Sentences
- We discuss differrent types of conditional sentences and the ways in which they are used. A conditional of hypothetical sentence consists of two parts and these parts are called clauses. The first part is the ‘if clause’ or ‘conditional clause’ while the second part has the ‘main clause’. the comma is put at the end of the ‘if clause’ or ‘conditional clause’.
- Sometimes, ‘when’ or ‘in case’ or ‘had’ can be substitued for ‘if’
- In negetive form, ‘unless’ is a substitute for ‘if’
- Notice that the ‘if clause’ can either be at the beginning of sentences or after the ‘main clause’
Three types of conditional Sentences:
If both the parts of a conditional sentence are in present tense, use the first form of verb. Helping or auxiliary berb can also be used in ‘if clause.
- If you apply force on glass, it breaks
- The buses run empity, if the schools are closed.
- If he is in the right mood, he writes well.
- If there is too much noise, the birds get disturbed.
- If he comes here, I go to bazaar.
If both the parts of a conditional sentence are in future tense, use the first form of verb in ‘if clause’ and ‘will’ or ‘shall’ in the ‘main clause’
- Uniess he speaks the truth , I shall punish him.
- if you throw a stone,the dog will bite you .
- In case you take complete rest, you will recover soon.
- If you work hard you will succeed.
- If she goes to Karachi, she will bring toys for me.
If both the parts of a conditional sentence are in past tense.use the third fom of verb after ‘had’ (present perfect Tense) in ‘if clause’ and would have’ or caould have’ or inight have’ oxpress future in the ‘main cluse.
- Had they attemued the meting they would have enjoued?
- If you had not called me I would not have come there.
- If he had studied? He would have? The examination.
- Had you taken medicine you would have?
- If she had int?
- If they play well, they will win the match.
- Had he walked fast , he would not have missed the train.
- If you water the fields in time, you get good crop.
- If she had taken interest in studies she would have?
- They would newer have known the truth, if they had not come.
- If he comes, I acco? him to the city.
- In case he comes home ?????
- If he runs fast, he re??? in time.
- If Ameria had not helped Israeel Arabs would have succeeded.
- If she had gone to school on feat, she would have ?????in time.
- If you lood for them, you will find them.
- If you do not speak the truth, I shall not leave you.
- If we had gone there, we could have met him.
- If you had gone there, you might have met her.
- If he had worked hard, he would have passed.