# Multiplication of Numbers – Math Grade 3

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143 Multiplication of Numbers

Table of 6

Faheem has 3 chocolate boxes. There are 6 chocolates in each box. What is the total number of chocolates?

Chocolates in 1 box = 6

Chocolates in 3 boxes = 6 + 6 + 6 = 18

Chocolates in 3 boxes = 3 x 6 = 18

Thus, there are 18 chocolates in 3 boxes.

# Multiply 2-ditgit number by 1-digit number.

Umair has 2 boxes. Each box has 24 pencils. How many total number of pencils he has?

Pencils in a box = 24
Number of boxes = 2
Total number of pencils = 24 x 2 = 48

Step 1

Write the given question in vertical form and write ones under ones.

Step 2

Multiply the digits at ones as: 4 x 2 = 8 Write at ones column.

Step 3

Multiply 2 at tens place by 2 at ones place as: 2 x 2 = 4

Thus, there are 48 pencils in the two boxes.

# Multiply a number by 0 and 1

How many toffees are there in each jar?

There are three empty jars of toffees. it means that there is no toffee in each jar.

Sum of toffees in three jars = 0 + 0 + 0 = 0

or

Multiply 3 by 0 = 3 x 0 = 0

Similarly, 4 x 0 = 0

Thus, multiplying a number by ‘0’ we always get ‘0’

Help: There are three baskets and in each basket there is only one apple.

# Apply mental strategies to multiply 1-digit number by 1-digit number

Consider the multiplication of the following numbers.

• 3 x 6 = 18
• 7 x 4 = 28
• 4 x 5 = 20
• 9 x 8 = 72

Key Fact: When two numbers are multiplied with each other we get the product of those numbers.