Imperative Mood in English Language

Spoken Englsih

The imperative mood is used, not only to command, but also to request, to exhort or encourage, to permit with negatives to forbid. A command not to do a thing is of course a prohibition. The imperative in English has no distinct form. The base form of a verb is usually used and has no subject. Look at the following sentences and commit them to memory.      

A. Command

  1. Ask him his name.
  2. Ask for a donation.
  3. Ask for the school.
  4. Attend to what I’m saying.
  5. Beat the door down.
  6. Douse the glim.
  7. Dart off.
  8. Dig a well.
  9. Decorate the room with holly.
  10. Give him your ear.
  11. Go and blow your nose.
  12. Hands off.
  13. Knead the flour.
  14. Peel the apple.
  15. Put the bags in the boot.
  16. Rake up the dead leaves.
  17. Rap the door three times./ bang the door three times.
  18. Stand and deliver.
  19. Stop pulling my hair.
  20. Take him round the city.

B. Request

  1. Ask him to please get up and go.
  2. Be so good as to open the window.
  3. Come for a walk please.
  4. Come here please, Najaf.
  5. Do me a favour.
  6. Do have some consideration.
  7. Give audience to my plea.
  8. I request your attention.
  9. If you please.
  10. Please come this way.
  11. Please hail the driver.
  12. Please take the tiny kitten inside.
  13. Request him for financial support.
  14. Request him though he may refuse.
  15. Show me your hands, please.
  16. Search for the missing tourists please.
  17. Take your pick please.
  18. Two kilos of sugar, please.
  19. Try and open it please.
  20. Take as many as you please.

C. Exhortation

  1. Always shake hands with your right hand.
  2. A walk would do you good.
  3. Always observes punctuality.
  4. Be obedient.
  5. Behave kindly with others.
  6. Be willing to share your joys.
  7. Be punctual and attentive.
  8. Bend your mind towards studies.
  9. Forgive and forget.
  10. Follow the doctor’s advice.
  11. Health is above wealth.
  12. Hard work is the key to success.
  13. Hard work always pays.
  14. Keep your interest alive.
  15. Keep away from the bad company.
  16. Think much, speak little.
  17. Offer a reciprocal greeting.
  18. See the bright aspect of things.
  19. Take a mild view./ take a lenient view.
  20. Walk humbly.

D. Encouragement

  1. Brave it out.
  2. I’m proud of you.
  3. I’m proud to suckle your talent.
  4. Persevere, and you’ll win.
  5. Rise as one man.
  6. Shun not struggle, this is a gift.
  7. Take the bull by the homes.
  8. There’s nothing to fear.
  9. Take whatever you need.
  10. We must work in order to live.
  11. Well done! You fought tooth and nail.
  12. You’re bound to pass the examination.
  13. You’re superior to him in courage.
  14. You can do it if you try.
  15. You can ask if there’s any difficulty.
  16. You’re save so far here.
  17. You’ve the making of a general.
  18. Your work is praiseworthy.
  19. Your school report is very encouraging.
  20. You succeeded by persisting.

E. Permission

  1. Anybody who wishes can come.
  2. Go where you like.
  3. Have it your own way./ Do it on your own way.
  4. Let it be known.
  5. Let the dog in.
  6. Let him out.
  7. Let the boys play cricket.
  8. Let the girls sing a song.
  9. Let the masons build the school.
  10. Let the baker bake the loaves.
  11. Let the tailor sew the shirt.
  12. Let the goldsmith make the moments.
  13. Let me do what I like.
  14. Let me examine his eyes.
  15. Let the cut out of the bag.
  16. Let the children watch T.V.
  17. Permit the traffic to flow again.
  18. Shall we come to your house?
  19. Wave goodbye to them.
  20. We intend to go.

F. Prohibition

  1. Don’t yell at me./ Don’t shoot at me.
  2. Don’t do that again.
  3. Don’t speak ill of others.
  4. Don’t talk such tripe.
  5. Don’t touch my things.
  6. Don’t smoke cigarette-end.
  7. Don’t suppress a yawn.
  8. Don’t go out after dark.
  9. Don’t sit idle.
  10. Don’t hazard your reputation.
  11. Don’t doze while working.
  12. Don’t talk long.
  13. Don’t push against the door.
  14. Don’t ever ridicule anyone.
  15. Don’t add any more pepper.
  16. Don’t talk just about it.
  17. Don’t dredge all that up again.
  18. Don’t lead an empty existence.
  19. Don’t engage in politics.
  20. Don’t care for him at all.

Test Six:

Write five sentences with each of the following. Sentences must be your own.

  1. Command
  2. Request
  3. Exhortation
  4. Encouragement
  5. Permission
  6. Prohibition

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