4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Recognition: Sound of Ta Raha Hai, Tee Rahi Hai, Ta represents the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. But take special care when Raha Hai, Rahi Hai, Rahay Hoon, Rahay Hain, appear at the end of Urdu sentences, mention To a point of time or a period of time is indispensable as:

  • Our soldiers have been performing their duty.
  • It has been snowing for two weeks.

Affirmative

Method of translation

  • 1.First form of the verb by adding ‘ing'(present participle) is used after ‘has been’ or ‘have been’.
  • 2.’has been’ is used with (He, She, It) or a singular noun.
  • 3.’have been’ is used with(I,We,You,They) or plural nouns.
  • For or Since is used at the end of a sentence.
  • For is applied only where we can count the time as: Six Years,Four months,Five weeks,Ten days,Eight hours etc.
  • Since is applied only where counting of time is not Possible as: Morning , Evening, Midnight, Last night, Yesterday, Tomorrow, June, Monday, 2 O’ clock, 2004 etc.
  • In positive statements, the pattern is as: subject+has/have been+Present Participle+the Rest of sentence?

Negative

Method of Translation

  • ‘not’ is placed after ‘has’ or ‘have.
  • In negative statements, the pattern is as: subject+has not been/have not been+present Participle+the rest of sentence

Interrogative

Method of Translation

1.’has’ or ‘have’ is place at the beginning of sentences but ‘been’ or ‘not been’ is used immediately after the subject.
2.In interrogative sentences, the pattern is as: has/have+subject+been+present participle+the Rest of sentence

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