Present Continuous Tense
Recognition: In Present Continuous Tense, the words Raha Hai, Raha Hoon, Rahay Hoo, Rahay Hain, Rahi Hai, Rahi Hain appear at the end of Urdu sentences.
Method of Translation
- Addition of ‘ing’ to the first form of the verb denotes the Present Continuous Tense.
- If the subject is first person singular viz, ‘I’, apply ‘am’ before the present participle.
- If the subject is third person singular viz; (He, She, It) or a singular noun, apply is before the present participle.
- With (We, You, They) and plural nouns, apply ‘are’ before the present participle.
- If the verb ends at ‘e’, it is omitted before the application of ‘ing’ as: come=coming; make=making; ripe= riping; live= living; bathe= bathing; give= giving; hate=hating.
- In some words the last letter is doubled as: set=setting; Win=winning; swim=swimming; shut=shutting; Begin=beginning; cut=cutting; put=putting; Sit= sitting; fit= fitting.
- Some verbs ending in ie, we change the ‘ie’ to ‘y’ as: Lie= lying; die= dying; tie= tying.
- In positive statements, the pattern is as: subject +helping verb+present participle+the Rest of sentence
come=coming; make=making; ripe= riping;live= living; bathe= bathing; give= giving; hate=hating.
set=setting; Win=winning; swim=swimming; shut=shutting; Begin=beginning; cut=cutting; put=putting; Sit= sitting; fit= fitting.
lie = lying; die = dying; tie = tying.
- I am thinking about a plan.
- He is trembling with fear.
- My brother is asking me to wake him up in the morning.
- Shabana is buying a costly necklace.
- The patient is going well.
- Perveen is enjoying herself.
- We are preserving our heritage.
- You are dieting.
- He is meeting his friend in the street.
- The hakim/physician is prescribing a purgative.
Note:Sometimes Raha Hai, Raha Hoon, Rahay Hoo, Rahay Hain, Rahi Hai, Rahi Hain appear at the end of Urdu sentences but those sentences are supposed to be
Present Continuous Tense as:
- He is sitting alone in the darkness.
- You are standing in my light.
Study the following affirmative sentences carefully:
- I am feeling nausea.
- Youth is passing away.
- You are taking too long.
- Glow-worms are twinkling.
- He is enjoying the sound of running water.
- This article is selling at throw out/away price.
- Darkness is approaching, switch on the light.
- The hawkers are shouting at the top of voice.
- The matter is pressing.
- My memory is beginning to fail.
- Water tap is running.
- The refugees are going somewhere.
- She is wiping out the perspiration from her forehead.
- This book is selling like hot cakes.
- The police is embarrassing the accused.
Method of Translation
- 1.In negative sentences ‘not’ is inserted in between the Present participle and helping verbs.
- In negative statements, the pattern is as: subject+helping verb+not+present participle+the Rest of sentence
- The following short forms are also used: is not = isn’t; I am not = I amn’t; are not=aren’t
is not = isn’t: m not = I am’nt; are not = aren’t
- I am not making amusement with you.
- We are not practicing the art of speaking.
- You are not studying hard.
- He is not drawing a deep breath.
- The leaves are not falling to the ground.
- It is not drizzling today.
- They are not riding a camel.
- Water is not trickling through the crack.
- The school boys are not going on pleasure trip.
- Raja is not taunting or Raja is not talking in a sarcastic vein.
- My brother is not weeping in sooth.
- Perveen is not peeling off potatoes.
Study the following negative sentences carefully:
- The student of present age is not getting on.
- The principal sum/amount is not running out.
- Kanwal is not wearing clothes of old fashion.
- The police is not firing exorbitantly.
- Father is not standing at the door.
- This generation is not abiding by the moral principles.
- I am not going there second time.
- Snow is not falling from the sky.
- Hamid is not tying the dog to the gate.
- They are not teasing the blind man.
- The labourers are not digging a canal.
- The Government is not protecting the rights of the minorities.
- The girl is not speaking calmly.
- Naina is not drawing a vivid picture of her cat.
- He is not limping.
Method of Translation
- In interrogative sentences helping verbs are placed at the beginning of sentences.
- If there is a negative statement in interrogative Sentences, ‘not’ is used immediately after the subject.
- In interrogative sentences, the pattern is as: helping verb + subject + present participle +the Rest of sentence
- Am I learning English besides Persian?
- Are we losing our temper?
- Are you enjoying fast asleep?
- Am I reading in the eighth class?
- Is it not getting dark?
- Are they coaxing out of him?
- Is the cat looking at itself in the mirror?
- Is her mother scolding her?
- Is Janat using a needle for sewing?
- Is the maidservant not cleaning the utensils?
Study the following interrogative sentences carefully:
- Is a child sneezing with force?
- Is he gazing at her?
- Are people putting everything at stake in gambling?
- Are you going to see bride and bridegroom?
- Is Lalu insisting on his suitability?
- Is he marrying at the age of forty?
- Is mother telling a tale to make her sleep?
- Is Bano leaving this place at once?
- Is she writing a famous play?
- Is he spending too much on food?
- Are the race of poets reciting their verses?
- Are the students carrying umbrella in rain?
- Is he squandering/wasting money ruthlessly?
- Is the cruel boy pulling the dog’s tail?