Home Academic Books 1. Present Indefinite Tense

1. Present Indefinite Tense

1. Present Indefinite Tense
1. Present Indefinite Tense

Present Indefinite Tense

Recognition: In Present indefinite Tense, the words appear at the end of Urdu sentences.


Method of Translation

  1. First form of the verb is used.
  2. ‘s’ or ‘es’ is applied to the verb in the third person singular (He, She, It) or a singular noun; in other persons there is no change.
  3. In positive statements, the pattern is as:

subject+the main verb+the rest of sentence


  • He buys anisaed.
  • She walks on the footpath softly.
  • It rains heavily.
  • Virtue survives the grave.
  • Fortune turns like a wheel.
  • I wish to see all.
  • We miss you very much.
  • They maintain moderation in eathing.
  • Ungrateful people become bashful.
  • Trees took leafless in autumn.

Special Instruction

The addition of ‘es’ becomes effective with those singular verbs ending in ‘ss,ch,sh,x,or o’.

If the verbs end in ‘Y’ and the ‘Y’ has a consonant before, ‘Y’ is changed into ‘ies’ as;

Positive, Assertive or Affirmative all have the same meanings.

Study the following affirmative sentences carefully.

  • The dress garnishes the personality of a man.
  • Everyone knows his interest the best.
  • We get meat from animal.
  • Ghulam Ali singing melodious voice.
  • Saima lives in a low state of health.
  • A bed man deserves maltreatment.
  • Prosperity gains friends.
  • Character depicts family background.
  • Pine trees grow in the forest.
  • Love wins everyone’s heart.
  • A woman’s mind and winter’s
  • wind change.
  • The children like colourful balloons.
  • Good boys wish for brilliant success.
  • Trains often run late.
  • He forgets to shut the window.


Method of Translation

1.To form engatve sentences, insert ‘do or does + not’ before the main verb in the positive sentences and remove ‘s’ at the end as:
The girl sings= The girl does not sing.

  1. In negative sentences, the pattern is as:
    subject+do or does + not + the main verb+the rest of sentence
  2. ‘de not’ and ‘does not’ are often shortened as:
    (don’t – doesn’t).


  • He does not speak calmly.
  • I do not wear goggles.
  • It does not cry out in pain.
  • My wife does not work as a whole.
  • The chagrined does not become happy.
  • Khalid does not listen to the tales of woe.
  • I do not recognize that stranger.
  • We do not lessen our private needs.
  • Mother does not warm her son.
  • He does not stand there the whole day.
  • All the people do not become honest and benevolent.
  • The factory owners do not pay wages to the labourers.

Study the following negative sentences carefully.

  • I do not look advance in age.
  • Without ticket passengers do not travel in the train.
  • All the family members do not enjoy a wink of steep till midnight.
  • The y do not deal in wheat.
  • Remembrance of everyone does not remain always alive.
  • Smoke does not rise out of hearth.
  • The water-carrier does not sprinkle water.
  • We do not use much sugar in tea.
  • My watch does not lose a minute.
  • Democracy does not grow in Pakistan.
  • Gentlemen do not suffer dishonour.
  • She does not sew up a hole of cloth.
  • We do not study the lite history of great men.
  • He does not turn a deat ear to his eider’s advice.
  • The audience do not listen to the story attentively.


Method of Translation of Present Indefinite

  1. To form interrogative sentences, place ‘do’ or ‘does’ before the subject.(at the beginning of sentences).
  2. If there is a negative statement in interrogative sentence, ‘not’ is place after the subject.
  3. The order is as:
  • Does he write with a brass nib?
  • Does she sleep by putting off the lamp at night?
  • Does Moona kill the flies in her room?
  • Does the postman sort out the mail?
  • Does honesty pay in the long run?
  • Does this shopkeeper fleece the customers?
  • Do I like rice milk?
  • Do we learn our lesson on the tips of our fingers?
  • Do you not take delight in drawing the picture?
  • Do they occasionally take a bath in the stream?

Study the following interrogative sentences carefully:

  • Do the ladies sit in the ladies compartment?
  • Does the patient not turn in bad the whole night?
  • Does a mosquito bite people and animals?
  • Do you know the girl who is standing there?
  • Does Naheed like jasmine flowers?
  • Does Amjid stand by you in sufferings/grief?
  • Does anyone ever flatter you?
  • Do our teachers explain everything nicely?
  • Does she not like bright colours?
  • Do the kittens not play among themselves?
  • Does he not favour me?
  • Does he grind his own axe?
  • Does this house leak during the rainy season?
  • Does narrow path lead to the hill?
  • Does he refuse to take the pills?

Note: If there is an indication of If there is an indication of negative statement in Interrogative sentences, ‘not’ can be placed after ‘do or does’ too as:

  • Do not you take breakfast? or Do you not take breakfast?
  • Does not he look sad? or Does he not look sad?



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