Present Indefinite Tense
Recognition: In Present indefinite Tense, the words appear at the end of Urdu sentences.
Method of Translation
- First form of the verb is used.
- ‘s’ or ‘es’ is applied to the verb in the third person singular (He, She, It) or a singular noun; in other persons there is no change.
- In positive statements, the pattern is as:
subject+the main verb+the rest of sentence
- He buys anisaed.
- She walks on the footpath softly.
- It rains heavily.
- Virtue survives the grave.
- Fortune turns like a wheel.
- I wish to see all.
- We miss you very much.
- They maintain moderation in eathing.
- Ungrateful people become bashful.
- Trees took leafless in autumn.
The addition of ‘es’ becomes effective with those singular verbs ending in ‘ss,ch,sh,x,or o’.
If the verbs end in ‘Y’ and the ‘Y’ has a consonant before, ‘Y’ is changed into ‘ies’ as;
Positive, Assertive or Affirmative all have the same meanings.
Study the following affirmative sentences carefully.
- The dress garnishes the personality of a man.
- Everyone knows his interest the best.
- We get meat from animal.
- Ghulam Ali singing melodious voice.
- Saima lives in a low state of health.
- A bed man deserves maltreatment.
- Prosperity gains friends.
- Character depicts family background.
- Pine trees grow in the forest.
- Love wins everyone’s heart.
- A woman’s mind and winter’s
- wind change.
- The children like colourful balloons.
- Good boys wish for brilliant success.
- Trains often run late.
- He forgets to shut the window.
Method of Translation
1.To form engatve sentences, insert ‘do or does + not’ before the main verb in the positive sentences and remove ‘s’ at the end as:
The girl sings= The girl does not sing.
- In negative sentences, the pattern is as:
subject+do or does + not + the main verb+the rest of sentence
- ‘de not’ and ‘does not’ are often shortened as:
(don’t – doesn’t).
- He does not speak calmly.
- I do not wear goggles.
- It does not cry out in pain.
- My wife does not work as a whole.
- The chagrined does not become happy.
- Khalid does not listen to the tales of woe.
- I do not recognize that stranger.
- We do not lessen our private needs.
- Mother does not warm her son.
- He does not stand there the whole day.
- All the people do not become honest and benevolent.
- The factory owners do not pay wages to the labourers.
Study the following negative sentences carefully.
- I do not look advance in age.
- Without ticket passengers do not travel in the train.
- All the family members do not enjoy a wink of steep till midnight.
- The y do not deal in wheat.
- Remembrance of everyone does not remain always alive.
- Smoke does not rise out of hearth.
- The water-carrier does not sprinkle water.
- We do not use much sugar in tea.
- My watch does not lose a minute.
- Democracy does not grow in Pakistan.
- Gentlemen do not suffer dishonour.
- She does not sew up a hole of cloth.
- We do not study the lite history of great men.
- He does not turn a deat ear to his eider’s advice.
- The audience do not listen to the story attentively.
Method of Translation of Present Indefinite
- To form interrogative sentences, place ‘do’ or ‘does’ before the subject.(at the beginning of sentences).
- If there is a negative statement in interrogative sentence, ‘not’ is place after the subject.
- The order is as:
- Does he write with a brass nib?
- Does she sleep by putting off the lamp at night?
- Does Moona kill the flies in her room?
- Does the postman sort out the mail?
- Does honesty pay in the long run?
- Does this shopkeeper fleece the customers?
- Do I like rice milk?
- Do we learn our lesson on the tips of our fingers?
- Do you not take delight in drawing the picture?
- Do they occasionally take a bath in the stream?
Study the following interrogative sentences carefully:
- Do the ladies sit in the ladies compartment?
- Does the patient not turn in bad the whole night?
- Does a mosquito bite people and animals?
- Do you know the girl who is standing there?
- Does Naheed like jasmine flowers?
- Does Amjid stand by you in sufferings/grief?
- Does anyone ever flatter you?
- Do our teachers explain everything nicely?
- Does she not like bright colours?
- Do the kittens not play among themselves?
- Does he not favour me?
- Does he grind his own axe?
- Does this house leak during the rainy season?
- Does narrow path lead to the hill?
- Does he refuse to take the pills?
Note: If there is an indication of If there is an indication of negative statement in Interrogative sentences, ‘not’ can be placed after ‘do or does’ too as:
- Do not you take breakfast? or Do you not take breakfast?
- Does not he look sad? or Does he not look sad?